How To Learn the Basics of Wiring Stereo Systems

Photo of stereo system

For a comprehensive home entertainment suite, you need a stereo system that will complete your flat screen TV and your expensive DVD or computerized home entertainment system. One of the challenges that plenty of people experience, however, is the difficulty of wiring stereo systems. As stereo systems become more advanced, and as more and more people are looking for surround sound features in their stereo systems, wiring becomes equally complex. Here’s how you can learn about the basics of wiring stereo systems.

  1. Get the overview. First, learn about the basics of stereo systems. There are usually four primary components that make up the stereo system – the primary unit or console, the primary speakers, the subwoofers, and the amplifiers. You can skip the amplifiers and the subwoofers, but adding these to your stereo system will improve audio quality. You will also need left and right speakers at the back and front of the room that you are installing the stereo system in, if you want surround sound. The actual home entertainment system should also have decoders for surround sound.
  2. Type of stereo system. You should also consider the type of stereo system that you are working in. for instance, stereo systems that are designed for cars are more complex, since these need to be fitted into a smaller space and will have limited power supply. The acoustics in a car is also different, because there are plenty of fabrics and other obstructions in a car that can make the stereo system more difficult to install in an effective way that will maximize surround sound or advanced audio.
  3. Wiring basics. Speaker systems should be connected with wires that are colored red and black. The basic rule is that the black wires correspond to the negative terminals in the stereo system console, while the red wires are positively charged and should be attached to the positive terminals in the stereo system console. These wires are looped around a peg, and then screwed down into place. In cars, the wiring should be tightly screwed down, since car vibrations during travel and when the engine is humming can slowly displace the wiring.
  4. Attaching the stereo system components. First place the stereo system console in an accessible area. In a home, this can be near the television set or on a separate table near you. In cars, the stereo system console is usually located in the dashboard. Next, connect the wiring for the front speakers, followed by the wiring for the back speakers. Finally, add the amplifiers and the subwoofers. Make sure that the wires are strongly connected.

Apart from the traditional wiring methods, modern stereo systems today are adapting to new wires that can transmit more data, such as HDMI wires that can transfer not only audio but video and data signals as well. Some home entertainment systems are beginning to make use of these wiring technologies. If this is the case, you will only need to plug the cords between the main console and the speakers. Some high-tech home entertainment systems even have stereo systems that work via Wi-Fi. 


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