How To Write Haiku Poetry

Poetry is the nonpareil gem of literature. With poems, you can communicate your feelings, emotions, regrets, frustrations, success, happiness and ambition. You may express all the things you want creatively through writing a poem. There are different kinds of poems. Some poems have rhymes and some do not, some are long while some are very short. Whatever it is, a poem must capture the attention of the one reading it.

One kind of poem is a haiku, a form of Japanese poetry. This article will explain what haiku poetry is, how to write one and how to articulate your emotions.

In Japanese, a haiku is by tradition printed in a single vertical line. On the other hand, a haiku written in English usually appears in three lines. Unlike in English poetry that characterizes a poem through a meter, a haiku is characterized by counts of sound known as “on” in Japanese, or what are commonly identified as syllables. To give you a better picture about haiku, here is one sample of a haiku poem written by Donna Brock.

The Rose
The red blossom bends
and drips its dew to the ground.
Like a tear it falls

As you observed, the above haiku is quite short but very emotional. It has only 5 syllables on its first and third lines and 7 syllables on second line. This is the syllable structure of a haiku:  5/7/5 so it is a challenge for a haiku poet to express a meaningful idea in only 17 syllables, though there is some relief because a haiku does not need to rhyme. Some of the English haiku poets use only 10 to 14 syllables with no formal pattern, which proves that writing a poem still depends on the person writing it.  Moreover a haiku usually uses simple words and grammar.

A traditional Japanese Haiku consists of “kireji” and “kigo” and it is a requirement. A kireji refers to cutting of a word, which appears typically at the end of the three metrical phrases of a verse. A kireji has no clear function in haiku, but it aims to provide a distinguished ending. On the other hand, a kigo is a defined word or phrase that implies the season alluded to in the poem.

In English haiku, a kireji is no longer used, so poets use some punctuation marks like a dash or an ellipse to divide the haiku into two imagistic and grammatical parts that create a concurrence, reminding the reader to reflect on the connection between the two parts.

A haiku is a kind of poem that unites form, content and language in a compact and meaningful way. Haiku poets usually write about everyday things, nature, experiences, emotions and feelings. A haiku conveys that people can be creative enough and communicate their true sentiments without using too many words. There are a lot of beautiful things that no words can explain, but there are also things that can be described using a few carefully chosen, significant words.

Writing a haiku can be very exciting. It can train you well to articulate your ideas and emotions without being too wordy. Whatever kind of poems you choose to write, you should remember that you must write it in a creative manner full of aspirations and passion.


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