How To Clean a Gun: A Beginner's Guide

guns with gun cleaning tools

If you own a gun, it's crucial that you take good care of it. However, many gun owners don't know how to clean a gun in the correct manner. It's very simple to do once you learn how.

Cleaning a gun is necessary to keep the gun in working order. Guns that have not been cleaned on a regular basis may jam or misfire, both of which can be an extreme threat to safety. 

Gun owners must learn how to clean a gun and must take the time to do it on a schedule to ensure proper function and ultimate safety. Read on to learn the simple steps to taking care of your firearm at home.

How to Clean a Gun

There are a lot of ways to clean a gun but no matter how you choose to do it, you should always put safety first. However, firearm maintenance solutions like lubricants, cleaners, or protectors come second. It is possible to clean a gun without any of these products, but it's not possible to do it well without one or more of them.

The best gun cleaner for you may be different than your friend's favorite type. Try a few different options before settling on the best one for your taste, needs, and purposes. 

Unload and Prepare Your Firearm

Don't get ahead of yourself. Unload your gun before doing anything else. Remove clips or magazines. If you're cleaning a rifle, remove the bolt. On a semi-automatic firearm, lock open the action. Check the manual to learn how to disassemble the gun to its simplest form.

Remove All Debris

The more you use your gun, the more debris that will be present. However, even if you don't use your gun, some may be visible anyway. Your next step is to remove this from all parts of the firearm.

A cleaning brush and rod soaked in cleaner or solvent is best for at-home cleaning, or an old, soft toothbrush can work as well. Give the cleaner some time to set and do its magic, but also move swiftly. Most experts suggest that you run the cleaning rod down the bore between ten to twenty times for the best results.

An air compressor can also help in this step; you can use the high-pressure air to remove dust and other particles. This will be less messy, but it may not get everything.

Lubricate - But Take It Easy

Lubrication is the area in which most people over-do it when cleaning their firearms. When we hear the word lubrication, we assume that more is better, but that's not always the case. When lubricating a gun, you really only need a single drop of oil. Put it on a cloth and rub it over all the metal surfaces of the firearm, and that should be plenty of lubrication.

Finish With Protection

Not all gun owners choose to add protection at the end of a cleaning, but if you want your gun to look great and be corrosion-free, it is recommended. If you live somewhere very humid or near the ocean, don't skip this step even if you plan to keep your gun stored hidden away. 

As with the lubrication, don't go overboard with the protectant. A little goes a long way, and when you are done, it shouldn't be visible on your gun at all.

Happy Cleaning

Now that you know how to clean a gun, go clean your firearm. Cleaning a gun is an important part of gun ownership. It will help you to get to know your gun better than before, and it will help ensure it a long and happy life, too. 


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