How To Design a Parking Lot

Vacant parking lot

Parking lots are areas that are intended for vehicular parking. They vary in size, location, and design. A parking lot can be placed in small or large areas, depending on the structure it services. Houses need only a few parking spaces or a parking garage, while malls, offices, stadiums or halls may need parking lots that can accommodate thousands of different vehicles. People need these spaces where they can leave their vehicles, so they can attend to their day to day needs.

The design of a parking lot depends on many factors, such as the size, the purpose, and the expected number of vehicles it may need to accommodate. Parking lots may or may not cover more land area than the building. This is dependent on the building’s design. Building owners want their facilities to be well organized, attractive and practical.

There are regulations for the construction, spacing and arrangement of parking lots. Parking lots are usually made of asphalt. Others are made of concrete, and some are constructed with permeable paving materials. Parking lot construction and design is a major part in building architecture. If the parking lot is overlooked and under-designed, it might lead to unnecessary maintenance problems. Parking lots that are properly designed can become a very appealing part of the building.

Here are some tips on how to design a parking lot.

  1. Understand the type of parking lot to build. Parking lot design is divided into two categories, light and heavy load. Light load parking lots cater to 4 and 2 wheel vehicles. Heavy load parking lots are for bigger and heavier vehicles.
  2. Have a general plan for the parking area. Consider important details in developing a parking lot plan. The maximum parking capacity that can be provided to the users and the safety of your customers can be taken into consideration. Plotting how the vehicles will navigate around the parking area should also be part of the plan. So whether it’s a parking garage or an airport parking lot, make sure that you have a proper plan for the area.
  3. Make designs that optimize parking lot space. Making the most out of your parking space is also good parking management. Using rectangular areas and making long sides parallel creates more parking lot space. Locating parking stalls along the lot’s perimeter and using traffic lanes to serve two rows are great ways in optimizing parking space.
  4. Devise a good route for traffic. Give special attention to the flow of traffic inside the parking area. Accurately design the parking angle and dimension. Make sure that entering and exiting vehicles can circulate properly to avoid collision.
  5. Use proper parking lot markings. One of the most important elements in a parking lot is the marking. Parking lot markings should be clear and simple to understand so customers can easily follow the instructions.
  6. Design a good drainage system and sub-grade soil preparation. Drainage for a parking lot must be properly designed and should be installed early in the construction. Good sub-grade soil preparation will make the parking lot stable and resistant to break-up under heavy loads.

Aside from proper design and construction, you can also add services like a valet parking service. Free overnight parking can make your parking area more appealing to customers. Properly designed parking lots can be the most interesting part of a building. This is why it is best to know how to design a parking lot properly.  If you need help with creating signs or advertising for your parking lot, online design classes can help with that, too!


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