How To Install Intercom Systems

Intercom systems can be much more than just a convenient way to get in touch with others in your house, apartment, or office. You can also use intercom systems to pipe in music and create a lovely atmosphere, or to beef up your home security with a doorbell intercom system that allows you to talk to the person at the gate before you let him in. You get even more use out of video intercom systems, allowing you to have face-to-face conversations with whoever's on the other side. You can also use their video capabilities for commercial interests by playing advertisements in your office building. 

There are many kinds of intercom systems available. Most home intercom systems make use of an intercom phone, whereas more sophisticated ones use the video intercom systems mentioned above. Others still use high-tech wireless intercoms for a clutter-free communication system. Since there are so many types to deal with, intercom installation instructions can be quite different from each other. There are, however, some common guidelines on installing intercom systems that are applicable to all types. Here are a few tips on intercom installation:

  1. Inspect the master station. The focal points of all intercom systems are their respective master stations. These are the units that contain the circuitry needed for electronic communication. As the cores of intercom systems, master stations are the most important parts. When starting out with intercom installation, measure the size of your intercom system's master station. You'll need to know how much space you'll need to allocate for it on the surface you want to put it on. If, for example, it measures 5 inches long by 6 inches wide, you'll need a similarly sized space on your wall to mount it on. 
  2. Positioning. Now that you've examined your master station, draw a pencil outline on the wall you want to place it on. Make sure that there's ample room for you to operate the intercom comfortably.
  3. Pre-Mounting. Check to see if your intercom system came with brackets or flanges to help you attach the stations to your walls. Most manufacturers of intercom systems provide them. The brackets or flanges will usually have holes in them to position the mounting screws for your unit; locate the studs inside your wall. The pencil shape you drew earlier should fit between the studs. Before proceeding with anything else, cut the power circuit you'll be working with. Double-check the position of your master station, and if you're happy with it, begin cutting a hole in your wall for the station. Follow the instructions for wiring your system.
  4. Substations. Repeat the previous instructions for each substation you desire in your intercom systems.
  5. Mounting. Double-check all your wiring once you're done with it. Each substation should be connected to your master station. Once you're certain that everything's as it should be, mount your master station and each substation into place, attaching them to the studs you've located.
  6. Testing. Restore power to the circuit, and then test your system. If you've followed the instructions properly, everything should be working fine. All you have to do now is seal all gaps with trim molding, and you'll be able to enjoy the benefits intercom systems can bring.


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